How to correct myopia (nearsightedness) is described in this paper published in PRINT IN NOVEMBER of 2017
Purpose and Background
The eyeball and, in particular, the cornea deform in vitro by the application of a distending force like other visco-elastic tissue. If the force is large enough, the cornea strains beyond the elastic range, and a permanent deformation occurs. Such permanent strain is referred to as "plastic" strain. The phenomenon, however, has never been observed or produced on living tissue. This report seeks to demonstrate that the central radius of a patient’s cornea can be altered in a controlled manner designed to correct refractive errors.
To plastically deform the living cornea, we applied a vacuum to the cornea of eight rabbits and five human eyes with a novel device. This device consists of a chamber of 11 mm in diameter. The chamber is radially divided into four interconnected sub-chambers.
Here we show that a strain can be achieved in vivo with a force produced by the application of the specially designed chamber where air is evacuated. An anatomical modification of the cornea of humans and rabbits was achieved. The deformation of the cornea was plastic, and therefore permanent.
The method described here -Pneumatic Keratology- can be used to alter the cornea by non-invasive means. A vacuum chamber with radial openings alters the collagen fibers in the stroma and flattens the cornea. A flatter cornea corrects or reduces myopia.
The front cover of the printed Nature journal Eye, Volume 31 Issue 11, November 2017, features a photograph of the device applied to patient